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بر‎ ‎هم‌کنش تغذیه‌ای بین گونه‌های مختلف قارچ‌‌های میکوریز و فلفل ‏Capsicum annum L.‎‏ و اثرات ‏آن بر پارامترهای زیستی شتة سبز هلو،Myzus persicae (Sulzer) ‎،‎ ‎در شرایط گلخانه

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی کارشناسی ارشد، گروه گیاهپزشکی، دانشکده کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی، دانشگاه ‏لرستان، ایران

2 دانشیار، گروه گیاهپزشکی، دانشکده کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی، دانشگاه لرستان، ایران

3 دکتری حشره‌شناسی، گروه گیاهپزشکی، دانشکده کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی، دانشگاه لرستان، ایران

چکیده

شتة سبز هلو،Myzus persicae (Sulzer) ، حشره­ای چندخوار می­باشد که در شرایط گلخانه و مزرعه به تعداد زیادی از گیاهان خسارت می‌زند. در این تحقیق، تأثیر پنج تیمار قارچ- ریشهآرباسکولار (AMF)شامل Glomus caledonium، etanicatumG.، G. geosporum، G. intradicese و G. mosseae به همراه شاهد بر میزان فنل کل گیاه فلفل­دلمه­ای و همچنین تأثیر آن‌ها بر پارامترهای زیستی شتة M. persicaeبررسی شد. بر اساس نتایج، بیشترین میزان فنل کل در گیاه آلوده به شته در تیمارهای G. mosseae و G. intradicese (به­ترتیب 1/686 و 3/664 میلی­گرم بر میلی­لیتر) و کم­‌ترین میزان آن در تیمار شاهد (8/410 میلی­گرم بر میلی­لیتر) مشاهده شد. کوتاه­ترین و طولانی­ترین طول عمر شتة سبز هلو به­‌ترتیب در تیمار G. mosseae (00/16 روز) و شاهد (35/22 روز) مشاهده شد. مقدار نرخ خالص تولید مثل (R0)از 54/37 تا 34/53 ماده به ازای هر فرد متغیر بود که کم­ترین و بیشترین مقدار آن به­‌ترتیب در تیمارهای G. mosseaeو شاهد به دست آمد. همچنین، کم­ترین مقدار نرخ ذاتی افزایش جمعیت (r) و نرخ متناهی افزایش جمعیت(λ)شتة سبز هلو در تیمار G. mosseae(به­‌ترتیب 2867/0 و 3320/1 بر روز) ثبت شد. نتایج این بررسی نشان داد که تیمار G. mosseae رشد جمعیت شتة M. persicaeرا به­‌طور معنی­داری کاهش داد. بنابراین، این تیمار می­تواند در گیاه فلفل­دلمه­ای مقاومت القایی را نسبت به این شته ایجاد کند که می­تواند در برنامة IPM این آفت مفید واقع شود.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Nutrition interaction between different mycorrhizal species and bell pepper, ‎Capsicum annum L., and its effects on biological parameters of the green peach ‎aphid, Myzus persicae (Sulzer), under greenhouse conditions‎

نویسندگان [English]

  • Mostafa Hassanvand 1
  • Jahanshir Shakarami 2
  • Mozhgan Mardani-Talaee 3
1 M. Sc. Student, Department of Plant Protection, Faculty of ‎Agriculture and Natural Resources, Lorestan University, Khorramabad, Iran
2 Associate Professor Department of Plant Protection, Faculty of Agriculture and Natural ‎Resources, Lorestan University, Khorramabad, Iran
3 Former Ph.D. Student of Entomology, Department of Plant Protection, Faculty of Agriculture and Natural Resources, Lorestan ‎University, Khorramabad, Iran
چکیده [English]

The green peach aphid, Myzus persicae (Sulzer), is a polyphagous insect that can cause damage on a lot of crops in the field and greenhouse conditions. In this research, the effect of five treatments of Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi (AMF) including Glomus caledonium, G. etanicatum, G. geosporum, G. intradicese and G. mosseae together with control treatmenton total amount of phenol content in bell pepper and also their impact on biological parameters of M. persicae were investigated. Based on the results, the highest amount of the total phenolic compound in the plant infested with aphid was observed on G. mosseaeandG. intradicese (686.1 and 664.3 mg/mL, respectively) and the lowest amount was on control (410.8 mg/mL).The shortest and longestadult longevity of the green peach aphid were observed on G. mosseae(16.00 days)and control (22.35 days), respectively. The net reproductive rate (R0) varied from 37.54 to 53.34 offspring/individual, with the lowest and highest values obtained on G. mosseae and control, respectively.Also, the lowest intrinsic rate of increase (r) and finite rate of increase (λ) of the aphid were recorded on G. mosseae treatment (0.2867 and 1.3320 day-1, resp.) compared to other treatments. The results of this study showed that G. mosseae treatment significantly reduced the population growth of M. persicae. Therefore, G. mosseae can be used to produce induced resistance in bell pepper to this aphid, which can be useful in the IPM program of this pest.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF)
  • Induced resistance
  • life table
  • plant-aphid interactions
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