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ارزیابی سمیت تنفسی و اثر رفتاری اسانس نعنا و رزماری در سوسک چهار نقطه‌ای حبوبات

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 عضو هیات علمی دانشگاه سیستان و بلوچستان

2 عضو هیات علمی دانشگاه شیراز

چکیده

< p>سوسک چهار نقطه‌ای حبوبات از آفات مهم حبوبات در مزرعه و انبار است که خسارت زیادی وارد می‌کند. اسانس گیاهان جایگزین مناسبی برای بسیاری از سموم در کنترل آفات هستند. در این مطالعه پاسخ رفتاری حشرات کامل تازه ظاهر شده سوسک چهار نقطه‌ای حبوبات به سمیت تنفسی دو اسانس نعنا و رزماری مقایسه شد و تفاوت نحوه تاثیر آنها با توجه به ترکیبات تشکیل دهنده مورد بررسی قرار گرفت. تغییرات رفتاری حشرات تحت تاثیر تیمار با اسانس بررسی و مرگ‌ و میر حشرات طی 24 ساعت پس از تیمار، هر دو ساعت یک بار، بدون باز کردن درب پتری دیش شمارش شد. نتایج نشان داد که سمیت هر دو اسانس از لحاظ آماری یکسان بود؛ ولی نوع رفتار حشره قبل از مرگ برای اسانس نعنا و رزماری تفاوت داشت. برخلاف اسانس نعنا، حشراتی که در معرض اسانس رزماری قرار گرفتند، علائم برانگیختگی بیش از حد، باز شدن بال‌های رویی و زیری، لرزش و تشنج منتهی به مرگ مشهود بود. با توجه به نتایج تحقیق، هر دو اسانس خاصیت حشره کشی قوی روی سوسک چهار نقطه‌ای داشتند، اما با توجه به علائم مرگ و میر به نظر می‌رسد که اسانس رزماری می‌تواند با تاثیر روی گیرنده‌های گابا از یک طرف و مهار آنزیم استیل کولین استراز از طرف دیگر، بر سامانه عصبی اثر گذاشته و سبب مرگ حشره شود، ولی تحت تاثیر اسانس نعنا مرگ حشره بدون علائم خاصی رخ داد که نیاز به تحقیق بیشتر در خصوص نحوه اثر اسانس بر روی این حشره است.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Evaluation of fumigant toxicity and behavioral effect of mint and rosemary essential oils in the cowpea weevil

نویسندگان [English]

  • Azam Amiri 1
  • Faezeh Bagheri 2
2 Shiraz University
چکیده [English]

< p >The cowpea weevil is one of the most important pests of legumes in the farm and warehouse, which causes a lot of damage. Plant essential oils are an excellent alternative to many pesticides to control pests. In this study, the behavioral response of newly emerged cowpea weevil was compared against the fumigant toxicity of two essential oils of mint and rosemary, and then the differences in their mode of action were examined according to the constituents. Insects behavioral changes under the influence of essential oil treatment were investigated, and the mortality of insects was recorded up to 24 hours after treatment, every two hours, without opening the Petri dish lid. The results showed that the toxicity of both essential oils was statistically similar, but the type of insect behavior before death was different in the mint and rosemary essential oils. Unlike the mint essential oil, insects exposed to rosemary essential oil showed signs of overstimulation, the opening of the upper and lower wings, tremors, and death-related seizures. According to the research results, both essential oils had strong insecticidal properties on the cowpea weevil, but according to the symptoms of death, it seems that rosemary essential oil can affect GABAergic receptors on the one hand and acetylcholinesterase enzyme inhibition on the other hand and affects the nervous system and causes insect death, but under the influence of mint essential oil insect death occurred without specific symptoms, requiring further research about the mode of action of the essential oil in this insect.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Essential oil
  • Rosemary
  • Mint
  • Callosobruchus maculatus
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