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تاثیرات دز زیرکشنده ایمیداکلوپرید بر واکنش پذیری زنبور عسل معمولیApis mellifera

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 گروه گیاهپزشکی، دانشکده علوم و مهندسی کشاورزی، پردیس کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی دانشگاه تهران، کرج

2 گروه گیاهپزشکی، پردیس کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی دانشگاه تهران، کرج، ایران

3 دپارتمان روانشناسی، دانشگاه ایالتی اوکلاهما، استیل واتر، امریکا

چکیده

ایمیداکلوپرید حشره‌کشی از گروه نئونیکوتینوئیدها که برای کنترل آفات کشاورزی به طور گسترده مورد استفاده قرار می‌گیرد. این حشره‌کش می‌تواند علاوه بر تاثیر بر روی حشرات آفت روی حشرات مفید از جمله زنبور عسل (Apis mellifera) تاثیر بگذارد. از آنجایی که یادگیری و حافظه، نقش مهمی در رفتار و ارتباط اجتماعی زنبور عسل دارد، هدف از این تحقیق بررسی یادگیری و حافظه زنبورهای عسل تیمارشده با دز زیرکشنده ایمیداکلوپرید با استفاده از روش واکنش انبساط خرطوم در شرایط کنترل شده آزمایشگاهی بود. در این آزمایش زنبور‌ عسل در پاسخ به تحریک شاخک‌ با ساکارز خرطوم خود را باز می‌کند. داده‌های حاصل از این تحقیق نشان داد که تیمار گوارشی زنبور عسل با این حشره‌کش بر مصرف آب، شربت غیرآلوده، و واکنش‌پذیری به آب، تاثیری نگذاشت. اما سبب کاهش عملکرد یادگیری، حافظه بویایی، بینایی، و واکنش پذیری به غلظت‌های مختلف ساکارز شد. نتایج ما نشان می‌دهد که تغییرات ایجاد شده توسط دز زیر کشنده ایمیداکلوپرید روی زنبور عسل معمولی برفعالیت واکنش پذیری آنها اثر گذاشته، که منجر به اختلال در رفتار چراگری شده و در نهایت سبب کاهش سلامت کلنی می‌شود

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Effects of sublethal dose of imidacloprid on honey bee responsiveness Apis mellifera

نویسندگان [English]

  • Sahar Delkash-Roudsari 1
  • Seyed Hossein Goldansaz 2
  • Khalil Telebi-Jahromi 2
  • Ahmad Ashouri 2
  • Charles I. Abramson 3
1 Department of Plant Protection, College of Agriculture and Natural Resources, University of Tehran, Karaj, Iran
2 Department of Plant Protection, College of Agriculture and Natural Resources, University of Tehran, Karaj, Iran
3 Department of Psychology ,Oklahoma State University, Stillwater, Oklahoma, United States of America
چکیده [English]

Imidacloprid is an insecticide from the family of the neonicotinoids that is widely used to control agricultural pests. Furthermore, this insecticide can affect beneficial insects such as honey bee (Apis mellifera). Since learning and memory play an important role in honey bee behavior and social communication, the aim of this study was to investigate the learning and memory of honey bees treated with sublethal dose of imidacloprid using the proboscis extension reflex method under controlled laboratory conditions. In this experiment, honey bee extends its proboscis in response to antennal stimulation with sucrose. Data from this study showed that the oral treatment of honey bees with this insecticide did not affect water consumption, uncontaminated syrup and water responsiveness. But it reduced olfactory and visual learning and memory performances, and responsiveness to various sucrose concentrations. Therefore, our results show that the changes made by sublethal dose of imidacloprid have affected honey bee's responsiveness, which ultimately reduced colony health.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • imidacloprid
  • Responsiveness
  • Learning and Memory
  • honey bee
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