ویژگی‌های زیستی زنبورهای پارازیتوئید(Hym.: Trichogrammatidae) Trichogramma brassicae و (Hym.: Ichneumonidae) Venturia canescens پرورش یافته روی جمیعت‌های مختلف بیدآرد Ephestia kuehniella

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی


1 گروه گیاهپزشکی، پردیس کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی، دانشگاه تهران، کرج، ایران

2 دانشیار گروه گیاهپزشکی پردیس کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی دانشگاه تهران


گونههای جنس Trichogramma و گونه Venturia canescens از جمله پارازیتوییدهای رایج و از دشمنان طبیعی هستند که در انسکتاریوم­ها اغلب روی تخم بید­ آرد Ephestia kuehniella پرورش داده شده و برای کنترل بیولوژیک اشباعی در سراسر جهان مورد استفاده قرار می­گیرند. کیفیت دشمن طبیعی تولید شده ارتباط مستقیمی با کیفیت میزبان واسط مورد استفاده در پرورش آن دارد. بنابراین، هدف اصلی این پژوهش مقایسه کیفیت دشمن طبیعی پرورش یافته روی جمعیت های مختلف پروانه بید ­آرد از نگاه تولید انبوه برای استفاده در برنامههای کنترل بیولوژیک میباشد. بدین منظور اثر پنج جمعیت مختلف بید آرد (گرگان، همدان، خوزستان، آزمایشگاهی) و یک جمعیت خارجی از ایالات متحده آمریکا بر کیفیت زنبور T. brassicae و V.canescens بررسی گردید. مقایسه نتایج میزان پارازیتیسم در هر دو پارازیتویید تخم و لارو حاکی از آن بود که زنبورهای پرورش یافته بر روی جمعیت گرگان و جمعیت آزمایشگاهی به ترتیب دارای بیشترین و کمترین کیفیت می­باشند. از آن‌جا که کیفیت میزبان واسط آزمایشگاهی مستقیما در کیفیت عامل بیولوژیک پرورشی نقش داشته و در فرایند کنترل بیولوژیک اثر مستقیم دارد، بررسی جمعیت‌های مختلف میزبان آزمایشگاهی از اهمیت بالایی برخوردار است.


عنوان مقاله [English]

Evaluation of biological characteristics of Trichogramma brassica an egg parasitoid and Venturia canescense a larve parasitoid reared on different populations of Ephestia kuehniella

نویسندگان [English]

  • Nazanin Hatami Mazinani 1
  • Aََhmad Ashouri 1
  • Seyed Hossein Goldansaz 2
1 Department of Plant Protection, Campus of Agriculture and Natural Resources, University of Tehran, Karaj, Iran
2 Associate Professor, Department of Plant Protection, University of Tehran
چکیده [English]

Species of the genus Trichogramma as well as Venturia canescens are common parasitoids that are often grown in insectariums on Ephestia kuehniella and used for biological control . The quality of the natural enemy is directly related to the quality of the host. main purpose of this study is to compare the quality of natural enemy bred on different populations of E. kuehniella. In this study, Trichogramma brassicae was used as a model of egg parasitoid and V. canescens as a model of larval parasitoid.Effect of five populations on the quality of T. brassicae and V. canescens was investigated. Different populations of E. kuehniella were collected from different regions (Gorgan, Hamedan, Khuzestan and America), compared with the laboratory population at the University of Tehran. The effect of host difference was studied by measuring parasitism of natural enemy bred on each of the five populations. The highest and lowest rates of parasitism of T. brassicae were on the eggs of Gorgan population(11.53±1.103) and laboratory population (89.2±0.58) (P˂0.001). The highest and lowest rate of egg hatching among the five treatments were related to Gorgan population (91.47) and laboratory population (37.23). The highest rate of pupal mortality was related to the laboratory population (20.97),The lowest was related to the population of Hamedan (11.83). Effect of host quality on V. canescens larvae showed that the highest and lowest number of parasitized larvae in Gorgan population (87.3±0.88). and laboratory(32.9±0.78) and a significant difference (P˂0.001) was observed between parasitizing larvae of different populations of E. kuehniella.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Ephestia kuehniella
  • Trichogramma barassicae
  • Venturia canescens
  • Host difference
  • Quality control
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