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نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی کارشناسی ارشد، گروه گیاه‌پزشکی، دانشکدۀ کشاورزی، دانشگاه شهید چمران اهواز

2 استاد گروه گیاه‌پزشکی، دانشکدۀ کشاورزی، دانشگاه شهید چمران اهواز

3 دانشیار، گروه گیاه‌پزشکی، دانشکدۀ کشاورزی، دانشگاه شهید چمران اهواز

چکیده

زیست‌شناسی سفیدبالک یاس، Takahashi)) Aleuroclava jasmini روی پنج گونه نارنگی، پرتقال، گریپ فروت، لیمو و نارنج در شرایط آزمایشگاهی و تحت شرایط دمایی 1±27 درجۀ سلسیوس، رطوبت نسبی 5±60 درصد و دورۀ روشنایی: تاریکی 14: 10 ساعت بررسی شد. میانگین طول دورۀ رشد پیش از بلوغ سفیدبالک یاس روی نارنگی، پرتقال، گریپ فروت و لیمو به‌ترتیب برابر با 31/0±62/25، 34/0±38/28، 11/0±74/26 و 20/0±76/21 روز بود. این سفیدبالک روی نارنج تنها تا پورۀ سن یک زنده ماند. میانگین نسبت جنسی (ماده به کل) روی چهار گونۀ فوق به‌ترتیب برابر با 80/2±32/53، 04/2±45/59، 15/1±67/51 و 48/2±41/52 درصد به نفع ماده بود. میانگین میزان مرگ‌ومیر پیش از بلوغ کل روی گیاهان مذکور به‌ترتیب برابر با 08/1±59/22، 73/0±53/26، 43/0±34/12 و 58 /0±25/25 درصد محاسبه شد. میانگین طول عمر سفیدبالک‌های بالغ ماده به‌ترتیب برابر با10/0±51/4، 12/0±40/3، 06/0±23/4 و 08/0±64/3 روز و میانگین زادآوری کل به‌ترتیب برابر با 41/2±67/30، 45/1±53/25، 63/2±40/31 و 09/2±47/38 روی گیاهان فوق‌الذکر بود. میزان نرخ ذاتی رشد (rm) روی گونه‌های فوق به‌ترتیب 002/0±093/0، 002/0±076/0، 001/0±091/0 و 002/0±101/0 تعداد ماده/ ماده/ روز تعیین شد. با توجه به ویژگی‌های زیستی و پارامترهای جدول زندگی، لیمو مناسب‌ترین میزبان گیاهی برای رشد و تولید مثل سفیدبالک یاس بود.

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

Biology and life table parameters of jasmine whitefly Aleuroclava jasmini on five different species of citrus

نویسندگان [English]

  • Aida Ghodrati 1
  • Parviz Shishe-bor 2
  • Farhan Kachili 3

1 M. Sc. Student, Plant Protection Department, Faculty of Agriculture, Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz

2 Professor, Plant Protection Department, Faculty of Agriculture, Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz

3 Associate Professor, Plant Protection Department, Faculty of Agriculture, Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz

چکیده [English]

Biology of Jasmine whitefly, Aleuroclava jasmini (Takahashi) was studied on tangerine, orange, grapefruit, lime and sour orange under laboratory conditions (27±1oC, 60±5% RH and 14:10 L: D). The mean female immature developmental times on tangerine, orange, grapefruit and lime was recorded as 25.62±0.31, 28.38±0.34, 26.74±0.11 and 21.76±0.2 days, respectively. A. jasmini survived as far as first nymphal instar on sour orange. Mean sex ratios (female %) was 53.32±2.8, 59.45±2.04, 51.67±1.15 and 52.41±2.48% on above mentioned hosts plants, respectively. Mean immature mortality was 22.59±1.08, 26.53±0.73, 12.34±0.43 and 25.25±0.58%, respectively, on the same host plants. The mean adult longevity was 4.51±0.1, 3.40±0.12, 4.23±0.06 and 3.64±0.08 days for females, respectively, on the same host plants. Mean total fecundity was 30.67±2.41, 25.53±1.45, 31.40±2.63 and 38.47±2.09 eggs, respectively, on the same named host plants. Intrinsic rates of increase (rm) were 0.093±0.002, 0.076±0.002, 0.091±0.001 and 0.101±0.002 number of female/female/ day on the above mentioned host plants. Based upon the biological characteristics and life table parameters, lemon was found as the most suitable host for growth and reproduction of A. jasmini.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Aleuroclava jasmini
  • Biology
  • intrinsic rate of increase
  • Sex ratio
  • citrus
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