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نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانش‌آموختۀ کارشناسی ارشد حشره‌شناسی کشاورزی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد تبریز

2 دانشیار، دانشگاه تبریز، دانشکدۀ کشاورزی، گروه گیاه‌پزشکی

3 استادیار، مرکز تحقیقات کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی استان آذربایجان غربی، ارومیه

4 استادیار، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد تبریز، دانشکدۀ کشاورزی، گروه گیاه‌پزشکی

5 دانشجوی دکتری گروه گیاه‌پزشکی دانشکدۀ کشاورزی، دانشگاه تبریز

چکیده

کرم میوۀ گوجه‌فرنگی (Lep.: Noctuidae) Helicoverpa armigera Hubner از مهم‌ترین آفات گوجه‌فرنگی در ایران و جهان است که به طیف گسترده‌ای از گیاهان زراعی و علف‌های هرز حمله می‌کند. تفاوت بین گونه‌ها یا ارقام گیاهی می‌تواند در مدیریت انبوهی این آفت به‌کار رود. در این بررسی، آنتی‌بیوز و تحمل چهار رقم سوپربتا، سوپرلونا، سوپرچیف و کی‌جی‌ان 3 در برابر کرم میوۀ گوجه‌فرنگی در کنار شاهد مطالعه شد. در تیمار آلوده در مرحلۀ میوه‌دهی 10 لارو سن سوم آفت هم‌زمان رهاسازی شد. در نهایت تعداد میوه و میوۀ آلوده، وزن هر میوه، عملکرد هر بوته، به عنوان شاخص‌های تحمل و تعداد شفیرۀ زنده مانده، مدت نشو و نما از سن سوم لاروی تا شفیره و وزن شفیره به عنوان شاخص‌های آنتی‌بیوز اندازه‌گیری شدند. در رقم سوپرچیف تا حدودی تحمل به لارو کرم میوه دیده شد، منتها به دلیل عملکرد پایین، این رقم در نبود آفت قابل توصیه نیست. آلودگی بر وزن میوه‌ها و عملکرد بوته‌ها اثر گذاشت. در میان ارقام، سوپرلونا و سوپربتا بیشترین کاهش وزن را داشتند و رقم کم‌تحمل شناخته شدند. بااین‌حال، حتی در حضور آفت بیشترین عملکرد را داشتند. آنتی‌بیوز در بین ارقام دیده نشد. در مجموع، برتری قاطعی بین چهار رقم تحت بررسی از نظر مقاومت و تحمل در برابر آفت دیده نشد.

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

Tolerance and antibiosis of four tomato varieties to fruit worm Helicoverpa armigera in greenhouse

نویسندگان [English]

  • Mehrnaz Tankhahi 1
  • Shahzad Iranipour 2
  • Esmaeil Alizadeh 3
  • Manije Jamshidi 4
  • Nahid Vaez 5

1 Graduated from the master of Agricultural Entomology, Islamic Azad University, Tabriz Branch

2 University of Tabriz, Faculty of Agriculture, Department of Plant Protection The responsible

3 Azerbaijan-e-Gharbi Research Center of Agriculture and Natural Resources, Urmia

4 Islamic Azad University, Tabriz Branch, Faculty of Agriculture, Department of Plant Protection

5 Ph.D. student, University of Tabriz, Faculty of Agriculture, Department of Plant Protection

چکیده [English]

Tomato fruit worm is one of the most important pests of tomato in Iran which attacks a wide variety of crops and weeds.Differences between species or varieties can use in management of this pest. In this study, antibiosis and tolerance of four varieties "Super Beta", "Super Luna", "Super Chief" and "KJN3" were studied against the pest. An experiment was conducted with a couple of plants of each variety allocated as random to "control" and "pest released treatment". In recent treatment, 10 third instar larvae were released in fruiting stage. Total number of fruits and injured fruits, mean weight of a fruit and bunch yield were measured as tolerance criteria, while number of live pupae, development time of larvae and weight of pupae were measured as antibiosis indices. A relative tolerance was observed in Super Chief, but due to low yield in damage absence, it is not recommendable. Fruit weight as well as yield was impacted by infection. Super Luna and Super Beta loosed more weight and acknowledged as relatively susceptible varieties. Yet, they displayed most yields in presence of the pest. Consequently, there was no considerable difference among the varieties in terms of resistance against the pest.
 

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Plant resistance
  • Interaction
  • Pest management
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