c3518cb17d976b8

مقاومت آنتی‌زنوزی و آنتی‌بیوزی نه رقم زراعی گندم(Triticum aestivum) نسبت به سن گندم، Eurygaster integriceps (Hem.: Scutelleridae) در شرایط مزرعه در منطقۀ نقده استان آذربایجان غربی

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی سابق کارشناسی ارشد گروه آگرواکولوژی، واحد مهاباد، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، مهاباد

2 استادیار گروه گیاه‌پزشکی، واحد مهاباد، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، مهاباد

3 استادیار گروه زراعت و آگرواکولوژی، واحد مهاباد، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، مهاباد

چکیده

سن گندم، Eurygaster integriceps Put. مهم‌ترین آفت گندم در ایران و کشورهای همسایه است که می‌تواند موجب کاهش شایان توجه عملکرد محصول شود. یکی از روش‌های کنترل آن استفاده از ارقام مقاوم است. به منظور مقایسۀ میزان مقاومت آنتی‌زنوزی و آنتی‌بیوزی 9 رقم زراعی گندم نسبت به این آفت، آزمایش‌هایی در شرایط مزرعه‌ای انجام گرفت. در یک سری «آزمون انتخاب میزبان» در مزرعه تعداد سن‌های مادر جلب‌شده به هر یک از بوته‌ها به عنوان شاخص آنتی‌زنور تعیین گردید. همچنین تعداد تخم آفت در مترمربع روی ارقام و تعداد بوته‌ها، جوانه‌ها و خوشه‌های آسیب‌دیده برای بررسی مکانیسم آنتی‌زنور به‌کار گرفته شد. برای بررسی مکانیسم آنتی‌بیوز، پوره‌های سن دوم آفت در روی بوته‌های کاشته‌شده در گلدان تحت پرورش قرار گرفت. وزن پوره‌ها در روز چهاردهم بعد از رهاسازی، میزان تلفات و طول دورۀ پورگی به عنوان شاخص‌های آنتی‌بیوز تجزیه و تحلیل شد. بر اساس نتایج تجزیۀ واریانس داده‌ها دربارۀ همۀ صفات تحت بررسی، اختلاف میان ارقام آزمایش معنادار بود (05/0 P≤). با استفاده از تجزیه خوشه‌ای به روش UPGMA و بر اساس فاصلۀ اقلیدسی، 9 رقم تحت بررسی در پنج گروه مجزا قرار گرفتند و ارقام الوند، سرداری و آذر 2 با قرار گرفتن در یک گروه، بیشترین مقاومت را نسبت به سن گندم داشتند.
 

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Antixenosis and antibiosis resistance of 9 wheat cultivars (Triticum aestivum) to the sunn pest, Eurygaster integriceps (Hem.: Scutelleridae) in the field conditions in Naghadeh region, west Azarbaijan

نویسندگان [English]

  • Mina Rahimi 1
  • Akbar Ghassemi-Kahrizeh 2
  • Mahmoud Pouryousef Miandoab 3
1 Former Graduate Student, Department of Agro-ecology, Mahabad Branch, Islamic Azad University, Mahabad, Iran
2 Assistant Professor, Department of Plant Protection, Mahabad Branch, Islamic Azad University, Mahabad, Iran
3 Assistant Professor, Department of Agronomy and Agro-ecology, Mahabad Branch, Islamic Azad University, Mahabad, Iran
چکیده [English]

The Sunn pest, Eurygaster integriceps Put. is the most important pest of the wheat in Iran and neighbouring countries that can considerably reduce its yield. One way to control this pest is deployment of resistant cultivars. Field experiments were conducted to evaluate the antixenosis and antibiosis resistance of nine wheat cultivars to this pest. In a field choice test, the numbers of attracted overwintered adults to the cultivars were determined as antixenosis index. Also, number of eggs per m2 and numbers of damaged hills, buds and spikes were used as antixenosis indices. To evaluate the antibiosis, wheat seeds were planted in pots under the field conditions in which second instar nymphs were released and reared. Nymphal weight on the 14th day after releasing, mortality of nymphal stage and the duration of this stage were considered and analyzed as the antibiosis indices. Significant differences were observed in studied traits (P≤0.05). Using cluster analysis, UPGMA procedure based on Euclidean distance, nine experimental cultivars were grouped in five distance groups that cultivars Alvand, Sardari and Azar2 by replacing in the same group, had the highest resistance to the Sunn pest.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Wheat
  • Sunn pest
  • Eurygaster integriceps
  • Antibiosis
  • antixenosis
  • resistance cultivars
Abdollahi, G. A. (1988). Study on the effect of nutrition of Sunn pest on 10 breeding wheat cultivars in its oviposition and considerations about diapauses this pest. M.Sc. Thesis, the University of Adelaide.
Abdollahi, G. A. (1989). Study on the effect of nutrition of Sunn pest on 10 breeding wheat cultivars grains in its oviposition. In: Proceeding of the 19th Iran Plant Protection Congress, 9-14 Sep., Mashhad, Iran, p. 34. (In Farsi)
Amir-Maafi, M. & Parker, B. L. (2001). Demography of Sunn pest (Eurygster integriceps Puton) in Iran (Hemiptera: Scutelleridae). Arab Journal of Plant Protection, 19, 135-138.
Bahrami, N., Radjabi, G. H., Rezabeigi, M. & Kamali, K. (2002). Study on economic injury level of Sunn pest (Eurygaster integriceps Put.) on wheat in rainfed fields of Kermanshah province. Applied Entomology & Phytopathology, 70, 29-44.
Brain, R. C. (1998). Literature review of Sunn pest, Eurygaster integriceps Put. (Heteroptera: Scutelleridae). Crop Protection, 17, 271-287.
Canhilal, R., Kutuk, H., Kanat, A. D., Islamoglu, M., El-Haramein, F. & El-Bouhssini, M. (2005). Economic Threshold for the Sunn pest, Eurygaster integriceps Put. (Hemiptera: Scutelleridae), on Wheat in Southeastern Turkey. Journal of Agricultural and Urban Entomology, 22, 191-201.
Ebadollahi, A. & Honarmand, P. (2011). Study on annual population density of Eurygaster integriceps on Sardari and Azar2 wheat cultivars and Sahand barley cultivar in Kivi, Ardabil, Iran. Advances in Environmental Biology, 5, 3318-3321.
El Bouhssini, M., Street, K., Joubi, A., Ibrahim, Z. & Rihawi, F. (2009). Sources of wheat resistance to Sunn pest, Eurygaster integriceps Puton, in Syria. Genetic Resources and Crop Evolution, 56, 1065-1069.
Fatehi, F., Bihamta, M. R. & Zali, A. A. (2009). Evaluating the resistance to Sunn pest (Eurygaster integriceps Put.) and its relationship with high-molecular-weight glutenin subunit in wheat. Asian Journal of Plant Science, 8, 82-85.
Hare, J. D. (1992). Effects of plant variation on herbivore-natural enemy interaction. In R. S. Fritz & E. L. Simms (Eds.), Plant resistance to herbivores and pathogens. (pp. 278-298). University of Chicago Press, Chicago, IL.
Hariri, G., Williams, P. C. & El-Haramian, F. J. (2000). Influence of pentatomid insect on the physical and dough properties and two-layered flat bread baking quality of Syrian wheat. Journal of Cereal Science, 31, 111-118.
Horber, E. (1980). Types and classification of resistance. In F. G.  Maxwell & P. R. Jennings (Eds.), Breeding Plants resistant to insects. (pp. 15-21). Wiley, New York, USA.
Hossaini, S. F., Haghparast, R., Bandani, N. & Haghi, Y. (2009). Study of genetic variation of resistance to Sunn pest using SPT index. Asian Journal of Plant Science, 8, 380-384.
Iranipour. S., Kharazi Pakdel, A. & Radjabi, G. (2010). Life history parameters of Sunn pest, Eurygaster integriceps, held at four constant temperatures. Journal of Insect Science, 106, 1-12.
Kinaci, E. & Kinaci, G. (2004). Quality and yield losses due to Sunn pest (Hemiptera: Scutelleridae) in different wheat types in Turkey. Field crop research, 89, 187-195.
Kinaci, E. & Kinaci, G. (2007). Genotypic variations in yield and quality of wheat damaged by Sunn pest (Eurygaster sp.). Pakistan Journal of Botany, 39, 397- 403.
Kivan, M. & Kilic, N. (2005). Effects of some plants on parasitization of Eurygaster integriceps eggs by Trissolcus semistriatus. Trakya University Journal Science, 6, 41-44.
Mohaghegh, J. (1991). Systematical and biological revision of the genus Eurygaster laporte in Iran. M.Sc. Thesis, University of Tehran, Iran. (in Farsi)
Mohaghegh. J. (2007). Comparison of development time and reproduction of typical and melanic Eurygaster integriceps (Heteroptera: Scutelleridae) under laboratory conditions. Journal of Entomological Society of Iran, 27, 109-126. (in Farsi)
Mohammadi-Khorramabadi, A., Arzani, A. & Hatami, B. (2007). Study on host preference of Sunn pest, Eurygaster integriceps Put. on nine wheat cultivar in Abarkooh, Yazd province. Journal of Agricultural Science, 13, 61-77. (in Farsi)
Moore, D. (2000). Control of Sunn pest, particularly Eurygaster integriceps Put. (Hemiptera, Scutelleridae) the role of mycoinsectisides in management schemes. In: Proceedings of Integrated Sunn Pest Control. 6-9 Jan., Republic of Turkey, pp. 3-11.
Mostafavi, K. H., Hosseinzadeh, A. H., Zeinali Khaneghah, H. & Khalou Bagheri, M. (2005). Genetics of Resistance to Sunn Pest (Eurygaster integriceps Put.) in Bread Wheat. Journal of Agricultural Science, 36, 341-351. (in Farsi)
Najafi, M. T. & Mohammadi, V. (2004). Resistance to Sunn pest (Eurygaster integriceps) in advanced lines of durum and bread wheat. In: Proceeding of 2nd International Conference on Sunn Pest, ICARDA, Aleppo, Syria, pp. 19-22.
Najafi, M. T. (2012). Evaluation of resistance to Sunn pest (Eurygaster integriceps) in wheat and triticale genotypes. Crop Breeding Journal, 2, 43-48.
Nouri-Ganbalani, G., Hosseini, M. & Yaghmai, F. (1995). Plant resistance to insects. University of Mashhad Press, Mashhad, Iran. (in Farsi)
Painter, R. H. (1951). Insect resistance in crop plants. University of Kansas Press, Lawrence, KS.
Radjabi, G. & Termeh, F. (1992). Complementary studies on the biology of Eurygaster integriceps Put. and Aelia furcula F. in the altitudes of Iran. Applied Entomology and Phytopathology, 59, 1-9. (in Farsi)
Rahimi, V. & Bandani. A. R. (2014). Comparison of the effects of cereal and legume proteinaceous seed extracts on a-amylase activity and development of the Sunn pest. Journal of Asia-Pacific Entmology, 17, 7-11.
Rezabeigi, M., Esmaili, M., Nouri-Ganbalani, G., Abdollahi, G. A. & Heidari, R. (2000). Investigation on resistance mechanism of wheat cultivars to the Sunn pest, Eurygaster integriceps Put., based on HMW- glutenin subunits and measurement of starch granules in kernel endosperm. Ph.D. Thesis, Islamic Azad University, Science and Research Branch, Tehran, Iran.
Simsek, Z., Imsek, N. S., Ozkan, M., Melan, K. & Derin, A. (1997). Sunn pest. Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs, General Directory of Agricultural Research Publications, Ankara.
Smith, C. M. (2005). Plant resistance to arthropods. Springer Publishers, Netherlands.
Stepanova, V. I. (1972). Characteristics of feeding of Eurygaster integriceps Put. on different varieties of winter wheat. Zoologichoskii Zhurnal, 51, 829-837.
Zamani, P., Rezabeigi, M., Ghannadha, M. R. & Bozorgi Pour, R. (2004). A study of the relationship between resistance to Sunn pest (Eurygaster integriceps Put.) of different wheat genotypes and starch granules in their grain endosperm. Journal of Agricultural Science, 35, 107-114.