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تأثیر بقایای گیاهی حاوی قارچ اندوفایت بر جمعیت پروانة مینوز گوجه‌فرنگی Tuta absoluta

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استادیار گروه گیاه‌پزشکی دانشگاه صنعتی اصفهان

2 M. Sc. Student, Department of Plant Protection, Isfahan University of Technology

3 . استادیار گروه زراعت و اصلاح نباتات، دانشگاه صنعتی اصفهان

چکیده

در این تحقیق تأثیر کاربرد بقایای گیاهی گونة Lolium perenne حاوی قارچ اندوفایتEpichloe festucae  در بستر کشت گیاه گوجه‌فرنگی بر فراسنجه‌های جدول زندگی- باروری و طول مراحل مختلف زندگی پروانة مینوز گوجه‌فرنگی Tuta absoluta در شرایط آزمایشگاهی بررسی شده است. تیمارها شامل بسترهای کشت دارای 5/1 و 5/3 درصد بقایای گیاهی دارای اندوفایت، و 5/1 و 5/3 درصد بقایای گیاهی بدون اندوفایت و شاهد (بدون بقایای گیاهی) در نظر گرفته شد. نتایج نشان داد جمعیت پرورش‌یافته روی تیمار حاوی 5/3 درصد بقایای گیاهی آلوده به قارچ اندوفایت، دارای بالاترین نرخ مرگ لاروی (28/14درصد) و مدت زمان دو برابر شدن جمعیت (05/0±67/8 روز) و کمترین مقدار نرخ ذاتی افزایش جمعیت (01/0±08/0 در روز)، نرخ ناخالص افزایش جمعیت (45/3±86/15 تخم)، نرخ متناهی افزایش جمعیت (01/0±08/1 در روز)، نرخ خالص تولیدمثل (96/2±46/11 تخم)، میانگین تعداد تخم به ازای هر ماده (90/1±45/36) و درصد تفریخ تخم (01/0±75/33) است. تأثیر منفی استفاده از بقایای گیاهی حاوی قارچ اندوفایت در بستر کشت گیاه گوجه‌فرنگی بر شایستگی پروانة مینوز گوجه‌فرنگی ابزار بالقوه‌ای در مدیریت این آفت به‌ویژه در کشت‌های گلخانه‌ای است.
 

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The effect of endophyte- infected plant residues on the population of tomato leaf miner, Tuta absoluta

نویسندگان [English]

  • Nafiseh Poorjavad 1
  • Khadijeh Darabi 2
  • Mohammadreza Sabzalian 3
1 Assistant Professor Department of Plant Protection, Isfahan University of Technology
2 دانشجوی کارشناسی‌ارشد گروه گیاه‌پزشکی دانشگاه صنعتی اصفهان
3 Assistant Professor, Department of Agronomy and Plant Breeding, Isfahan University of Technology
چکیده [English]

In this study, the effect of soil incorporated with endophyte-infected plant residues (Lolium perenne infected with Epichloe festucae) in tomato pot media was investigated on the tomato leaf miner, Tuta absoluta, population. Treatments were tomato plants planted in pod media containing 1.5% or 3.5% endophyte-infected and endophyte-free plant residues and control (without residues). Based on the results, population reared on plants which treated by 3.5% endophyte infected residue showed the highest larval mortality (14.28%) and doubling time of population (8.67±0.05 days) and lowest intrinsic rate of increase (0.08±0.01 day-1), gross reproductive rate (15.86±3.45 offspring), finite rate of increase (1.08±0.01 day-1), net reproductive rate (11.46±2.96 offspring), mean of eggs per female (36.45±1.90) and percentage of hatched egg (33.75±0.01). According to the results, it seems that application of endophyte-infected plant residues in tomato growing media, by reducing the T. absoluta fitness, can be considered as potential mean for the control of this pest, especially in greenhouse cultures.
 
 
 

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Tomato
  • podmedia
  • pest control
  • intrinsic rate of increase
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