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بررسی‌های تکمیلی درخصوص بیواکولوژی جوانه‌خوار بلوط (Tortrix viridana) و پراکنش آن در استان آذربایجان‌غربی

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استادیار، گروه جنگلداری، دانشکده منابع طبیعی، دانشگاه ارومیه

2 دانشیار، گروه جنگلداری، دانشکده منابع طبیعی، دانشگاه ارومیه

3 استادیار و دانشیار، گروه جنگلداری، دانشکده منابع طبیعی، دانشگاه ارومیه

چکیده

جوانه­خوار بلوط (Tortrix viridana L.) مهم­ترین آفت بلوط در ایران است. جهت بررسی تغییرات جمعیتی این آفت نمونه­برداری­های هفتگی از مراحل مختلف زندگی این آفت در آذربایجان­غربی صورت گرفت. تعداد سنین لاروی با پرورش و اندازه­گیری عرض کپسول سر 1000 عدد لارو سنین مختلف تعیین شد. تأثیر میزبان گیاهی بر تغییرات وزنی لاروهای سن آخر و شفیره آفت روی سه گونه بلوط (Quercus infectoria، Q. brantii و Q. libani) بررسی شد. تغییرات جمعیتی حشرات کامل نیز با نصب تعداد 10 تله فرومونی مثلثی انجام گردید. تعداد 5 سن لاروی برای این آفت تعیین گردید. لاروهای نئونات آفت در میرآباد از اوایل فروردین و در پردانان از نیمه فروردین فعالیت خود را آغاز می­کنند. لاروها و شفیره­های تشکیل شده روی بلوط دارمازو (Q. infectoria) از وزن بالاتری در مقایسه با دوگونه بلوط دیگر برخوردار بودند. اولین شکار حشرات کامل در 2 خرداد در میرآباد (2/6 حشره در هر تله) به وقوع پیوست. بیشترین میزان شکار آفت نیز در زمان اوج جمعیت آفت با میانگین 132 حشره در هر تله در میرآباد به ثبت رسید که نشان از آلودگی بالای این منطقه به آفت دارد. خاتمه فعالیت جوانه­خوار در تمامی مناطق مورد بررسی اواخر تیر بود.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Survey on bio-ecology of Tortrix viridana and its distribution in West-Azerbaijan province

نویسندگان [English]

  • Mohamed-Reza Zargaran 1
  • Abbas Banj-Shafiei 2
  • Seyed Rostam Mousavi Mirkola 1
  • Elias Ramezani Kakroudi 3
1 Assistant Professor, Department of Forestry, Faculty of Natural Resources, Urmia University, Iran
2 Associate Professor, Department of Forestry, Faculty of Natural Resources, Urmia University, Iran
3 Assistant Professor, Department of Forestry, Faculty of Natural Resources, Urmia University, Iran
چکیده [English]

The oak leaf roller moth (Tortrix viridana L.) is one of the most important oak pests in Iran. In order to investigate fluctation changes of this pest, weekly samplings of its different life stages were done in West-Azerbayjan. The number of larval instars were determined by growing and measuring the head capsula width of 1000 larvae at different ages. The effect of host plant on weight changes of final instar larvae and pupae on three oak species of Quercus infectoria, Q. brantii and Q. libani was studied. Populational changes of adult insects were investigated using 10 triangle pheromone traps. Five larval instars were determined for this pest. Neonate larvae of the pest start their activities from late March in Mirabad and from early April in Paradanan. The formed larvae and pupae on gall oak (Q. infectoria) weigh more than there growing on two other oak species. Adult insects were first captured on May 23 in Mirabad (6.2 insects in each trap). The highest degree of pest capture was also recorded at the peak
time of pest population with the average of 132 insects in each trap in Mirabad which indicates that this area is highly infected with the pest. The oak leaf roller moths stopped their activity in mid-July in all of the studied areas.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Biology
  • oak leaf roller moth
  • Oak
  • pheromone trap
  • Population dynamism
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