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نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشگاه تهران

2 دانشیار گروه گیاهپزشکی، دانشکده علوم و مهندسی کشاورزی، پردیس کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی، دانشگاه تهران، کرج

چکیده

به‌منظور شناسایی برخی قارچ‌های درون‌رست (اندوفیت) درختان گیلاس (L. Prunus avium) در ایران، نمونه‌برداری از اندام‌های بسیار سالم درختان گیلاس شامل برگ‌ها و شاخه‌های چندساله، در پاییز سال 1392، بهار، تابستان و پاییز سال 1393و بهار، تابستان و پاییز سال 1394 در استان‌های البرز، اردبیل، اصفهان، ایلام، آذربایجان شرقی، آذربایجان غربی، تهران، خراسان رضوی، خراسان شمالی، خراسان جنوبی، شهرکرد، زنجان، قزوین، کردستان، کرمان و همدان صورت گرفت. در این بررسی ده گونة قارچی شامل Acremonium sclerotigenum، Aureobasidium microstictum، Chaetomium globosum، Chalastospora gossypii، Clonostachys rosea، Dendrothyrium variisporum، Fusarium sambucinum، Fusarium verticillioides، Trichothecium roseum و Trichurus spiralis به‌عنوان قارچ‌های درون‌رست از درختان گیلاس در ایران شناسایی شدند. گونه‌های Aureobasidium microstictum و Dendrothyrium variisporum برای فلور قارچی ایران جدید هستند. همچنین همة گونه‌های شناسایی‌شده در این تحقیق برای نخستین بار به‌عنوان قارچ درون‌رست از درختان گیلاس در جهان گزارش می‌شوند.

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

Identification of some endophytic fungi of cherry trees (Prunus avium) in Iran

نویسندگان [English]

  • Shiva Abdollahi Aghdam 1
  • Khalil-Berdi Fotouhifar 2

1 University of Tehran

چکیده [English]

In an investigation of endophytic fungi associated with cherry (Prunus avium L.) in Iran, healthy plant samples including twigs and leaves were collected during autumn of 2013 and spring and summer seasons of 2014. In this study, 10 fungal species including Acremonium sclerotigenum, Aureobasidium microstictum, Chaetomium globosum, Chalastospora gossypii, Clonostachys rosea, Dendrothyrium variisporum, Fusarium sambucinum, Fusarium verticillioides, Trichothecium roseum and Trichurus spiralis were identified as endophytic fungi of cherry trees in Iran. All identified species are reported for the first time as endophytic fungi of cherry trees in the world. The two species including Aureobasidium microstictum and Dendrothyrium variisporum are new taxa for Iran mycoflora.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Diversity
  • morphology
  • mycoflora
  • taxon
  • woody plants
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