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تأثیر تغییر میزبان روی ویژگی‌های زیستی سوسک کلرادوی سیب‌زمینی،Leptinotarsa decemlineata (Col.: Chrysomelidae) در شرایط گلخانه‌ای

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استادیار گروه گیاه‌پزشکی، واحد مهاباد، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، مهاباد، ایران

2 دانشجوی سابق کارشناسی ارشد گروه آگرواکولوژی، واحد مهاباد، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، مهاباد، ایران

چکیده

این تحقیق به‌منظور بررسی تأثیر تغییر میزبان روی ویژگی­های زیستی سوسک کلرادوی سیب­زمینی، Leptinotarsa decemlineata
(Col.: Chrysomelidae)، در شرایط گلخانه انجام گرفت. لذا پس از پرورش یک نسل حشره روی گیاه سیب­زمینی (رقم آگریا)، ویژگی­های زیستی آن روی سه گونۀ زراعی از بادنجانیان، شامل بادنجان، گوجه­فرنگی و فلفل به همراه رقم آگریا (به‌عنوان شاهد) بررسی شد. گونه­های مورد بررسی در گلدان­ها کشت شدند و روی هر گلدان بوته­های تیمار با قفس­های آستینی محبوس و درون هر قفس آستینی شمار 15 عدد لارو سن اول تازه تفریخ‌شده رهاسازی و پرورش شدند. وزن لاروها در روز دوازدهم پس از رهاسازی، درصد تلفات دوره­های لاروی و شفیرگی و نیز طول دوره­های یادشده روی گونه­های مورد بررسی تعیین شد. در آزمایش دیگری طول دوره‌های پیش از تخم‌ریزی، تخم‌ریزی و پس از تخم‌ریزی‌ آفت روی چهار گونۀ مورد بررسی به روز تعیین شد. همچنین میزان تولید تخم روزانۀ آفت و کل تخم تولیدی روی هرگونۀ زراعی‌ تعیین شد. تجزیۀ واریانس داده­ها نشان داد، در مورد همۀ صفات مورد بررسی به‌غیراز میزان تفریخ تخم و دورۀ رشد و نمو جنینی اختلاف میان گونه­های مورد بررسی معنی­دار بود (05/0P<). بر پایۀ مقایسۀ میانگین­ها بیشترین تلفات دورۀ رشد و نمو (91/1±00/77 درصد) و بیشترین طول دوره­های رشد و نموی (62/0±46/34 روز) روی فلفل دیده شد. طولانی­ترین دورۀ تخم‌ریزی (06/3±20/89 روز) روی بوته‌های فلفل و کوتاه­ترین آن (89/0±00/73 روز) روی بوته‌های بادنجان مشاهده شد. کمترین (54/25±60/247 عدد) و بیشترین (71/33±80/437 عدد) میزان تخم‌ریزی آفت به ترتیب روی بوته­های فلفل و سیب­زمینی رخ داد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The effect of host switching on biological characteristics of Colorado potato beetle, Leptinotarsa decemlineata under greenhouse conditions

نویسندگان [English]

  • Akbar Ghassemi-Kahrizeh 1
  • Saeed Ahmadi Naghadehi 2
1 Assistant Professor, Department of Plant Protection, Mahabad Branch, Islamic Azad University, Mahabad, Iran
2 Former M. Sc. Student, Department of Agroecology, Mahabad Branch, Islamic Azad University, Mahabad, Iran
چکیده [English]

This research was carried out to study the effect of host switching on the biological characteristics of the Colorado potato beetle, Leptinotarsa decemlineata, under greenhouse conditions. One generation of the pest was reared on potato. Then, biological characteristics of the Colorado potato beetle was studied on three solanaceous species including tomato, eggplant, and pepper along with Agria (potato cultivar as control treatment). Studied species were planted in pots and on each pot, sleeve cages were set up, in which 15 first instar larvae were released and reared. Larval weight on the 12th day after releasing, mortality percentages of larvae and pupae and durations for these stages were determined on four studied species. In another experiment, durations of pre-oviposition, oviposition, and post-oviposition of the pest were investigated on four studied species. Also, daily and total fecundities of the pest were determined on them. Analysis of variance of data showed that the differences between species were significant for all studied traits excep for egg hatching and duration of eggs incubation of (P<0.05). The highest mortality rate of developmental stage (77.00±1.91%) and the longest developmental period of the pest (73.00±0.89 day) were observed on pepper and eggplant, respectively. The longest (89.20±3.06 day) and shortest (34.46±0.62 day) duration of oviposition were observed on the pepper and eggplant, respectively. The lowest (247.60±25.54) and highest (437.80±33.71) total fecundities of the pest were on the pepper and potato, respectively.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Colorado potato beetle
  • Fecundity
  • host switching
  • Solanaceae
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