c3518cb17d976b8

ارزیابی خسارت گونه‌های متفاوت مرکبات نسبت به مینوز برگ مرکبات Phyllocnistis citrella در شرایط باغی اهواز

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی کارشناسی ارشد حشره‌شناسی، گروه گیاه‌پزشکی، دانشکدۀ کشاورزی، دانشگاه شهید چمران اهواز،ایران

2 دانشیار گروه گیاه‌پزشکی، دانشکدۀ کشاورزی، دانشگاه شهید چمران اهواز،ایران

3 استادیار گروه گیاه‌پزشکی، دانشکدۀ کشاورزی، دانشگاه شهید چمران اهواز،ایران

چکیده

مینوز برگ مرکبات (Phyllocnistis citrella Stainton (Lepidoptera: Gracillaridae یکی از آفات محدودکنندۀ کشت و کار مرکبات در خوزستان است. در این بررسی، خسارت شش گونه مرکبات نسبت به این آفت در شرایط باغی مورد ارزیابی قرار گرفت. بدین منظور، شاخه‌های 10 سانتی‌متری آلوده به سن اول لاروی از هرگونه به‌طور تصادفی انتخاب و با استفاده از تلۀ آستینی پوشانده شد. سپس به‌صورت روزانه تاریخ آلودگی، تعداد تخم، لارو، شفیره، حشرات بالغ و طول دورۀ لاروی و شفیرگی ثبت گردید. در این آزمایش تفاوت معنی‌داری بین صفات مورد بررسی مشاهده شد، به‌طوری‌که بیشترین میانگین طول دورۀ لاروی در پرتقال (47/0±75/11 روز) و کمترین میانگین در نارنگی (28/0±50/6 روز) مشاهده شد. همچنین بیشترین میانگین طول دورۀ شفیرگی در لیموترش (88/0±66/12 روز) و گریپ‌فروت (67/0±60/11 روز) به دست آمد و پرتقال (70/0±00/5 روز) کمترین میانگین طول دورۀ شفیرگی را داشت. از نظر میانگین تعداد مراحل مختلف زیستی آفت، پرتقال بیشترین تعداد (تخم: 75/10، لارو: 25/10، شفیره: 75/9 و بالغ: 25/9) و لیموشیرین کمترین تعداد (تخم: 75/4، لارو: 00/4، شفیره: 50/3 و بالغ: 50/3) را داشت. نتایج بررسی‌ها نشان داد، بیشترین میانگین سطح آلودۀ برگ در پرتقال (05/0±82/0) و کمترین سطح آلوده در لیموشیرین (05/0±35/0) اندازه‌گیری شد. با توجه به ویژگی‌های مورد بررسی پرتقال بیشترین خسارت و لیموشیرین و گریپ‌فروت کمترین خسارت را از حملۀ آفت متحمل شدند.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Evaluation of the citrus leaf miner (Phyllocnistis citrella) in Ahvaz region damage to different citrus species

نویسندگان [English]

  • Narges Karam Kiani 1
  • Ali Asghar Seraj 2
  • Behzad Habibpour 2
  • Masumeh Ziaee 3
1 M. Sc. Student, Department of Plant Protection, Faculty of Agriculture, Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz, Iran
2 Associate Prtofessor, Department of Plant Protection, Faculty of Agriculture, Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz, Iran
3 Assistant Professor, Department of Plant Protection, Faculty of Agriculture, Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz, Iran
چکیده [English]

Citrus leaf-miner, Phyllocnistis citrella Stainton (Lepidoptera: Gracillariidae), is one of the pests limiting citrus species in Khuzestan. The damage of six citrus species to this pest was evaluated in Ahvaz region orchards. For this purpose, 10 cm long twigs from each tree of the first instar of larvae were randomly selected and covered with a sleeve trap. Then, the date of infection, number of eggs, larvae, pupae, adults, and the duration of larval and pupal stages were recorded daily. There was a significant difference between the studied traits in this experiment. The highest average length of the larval period was related to orange (11.75±0.47 days) and the lowest average of tangerine (6.50±0.28 days) was recorded. Also, the highest mean pupal period was related to key lime (12.66±0.88 days) and grapefruit (11.66±0.67 days), and orange (5.00±0.07 days) had the lowest average. The highest number of pest different life stages was recorded in orange fruit (eggs: 10.75, larvae: 10.25, pupae: 9.75 and adults: 9.25) and the lowest number was observed in sweet lemon (eggs: 4.75, larvae: 4.00, pupae: 3.50 and adults: 3.50). The level of contaminated leaf area showed that the highest average of orange (0.82±0.05) and the lowest average of sweet lemon (0.35 ± 0.05) were recorded. According to the parameters studied, orange have suffered maximum and sweet lemon and Grapefruit minimum damage from pest attack.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Citrus leaf-miner
  • citrus species
  • damage
Ba-Angood, S. (1978). A contribution to the biology and occurrence of the citrus leaf miner, Phyllocnistis citrella Stainton (Lepidoptera: Gracillariidae) in the Sudan. Journal of Applied Entomology, 83(1-4), 106-111.
Badawy, A. (1967). The morphology and biology of Phyllocnistis citrella Stainton, a citrus leaf-miner in the Sudan. Bulletin de la Société entomologique d'Egypte, 51, 95-103. (Seen in abstract only).
Beattie, A. (2004). Citrus leafminer. University of Western Sydney. NSW. Department of Primary Industries, P: 5.
Beattie, G. A. C. & Smith, D. (1993). Citrus leaf miner. Agfact Order no H2, AE. 4. (2nd ed.). New South Wales Agriculture and Fisheries, Orange, Australia, 6 pp.
Diez, P. A., Fidalgo, P. & Frias, E. (2000). Ageniaspis citricola (Hymenoptera: Encyrtidae), parasitoide especifico de Phyllocnistis citrella Stainton (Lepidoptera: Gracillariidae): introduccion y datos preliminares sobre su desempeno en la Argentina. Acta Entomologica Chilena, 24, 69-76. (Seen in abstract only).
Farahbakhsh, GH. (1961) A checklist of economically important insects and other enemies of plants and agricultural products in Iran. Departement of Plant Protection, Ministry of Agriculture. Tehran, Iran, 151 pp. (in Farsi)
Heppner, J. B. (1993). Citrus leafminer Phyllocnistis citrella Stainton (Lepidoptera: Gracillariidae). University of Florida. Tropical Lepidoptera, 4(1), 49-64.
Jacas, J., Garrido, A., Margaix, C., Forner J., Alcaide A. & Pina, J. (1997). Screening of different citrus rootstocks and citrus-related species for resistance to Phyllocnistis citrella Stainton (Lepidoptera: Gracillariidae). Crop Protection, 16(8), 701-705.
Kalaitzaki, A. P., Tsagkarakis, A. E. & Lykouressis, D. P. (2011). Population fluctuation of Phyllocnistis citrella and its parasitoids in two citrus species in Western Crete (Greece). Entomologia Hellenica, 20, 31-44.
Knapp, J. L., Albrigo, L. G., Browning, H. W., Bullock, R. C., Heppner, J. B., Hall, D. G., Hoy M. A., Nguyen, R., Pena, J. E. & Stansly, P. A. (1995). Citrus leaf miner (Phyllocnistis citrella Stainton: Current status in Florida. University of Florida Gainesville, P: 35.
Latif, A. & Yunus, C. M. (1951). Food plants of citrus leaf miner in Punjab. Bulletin of Entomological Research, 42, 311-316.
Namvar, P. & Safaralizade, M. H. (2008). Study on some biological characteristics of citrus leaf miner Phyllocnistis citrella Stainton in Jiroft, Iran. Pajouhesh and Sazandegi, 81,191-196.
Pena, J. E., Hunsberger, A. & Schaffer, B. (2000). Citrus leafminer (Lepidoptera: Gracillariidae) density: effect on yield of ‘Tahiti’ lime. Journal of Economic Entomology, 93, 374-379.
Price, P. W. (1997). Insect ecology. (3rd Ed.). John Willey and Sons, Inc. New York.
Sandhu, G. S. & Batra, R. C. (1981). Differential population of citrus leaf miner and its parasites on some commercial citrus cultivars. Journal Research Punjab Agricultural University, 18, 170-176.
Seraj, A. A. (1999). Comparison of some citrus species as hosts of citrus leaf miner. Plant Pest and Diseases, 67(1, 2), 86-95 (in Farsi)
Shafaee, M. (2012). Evaluation of the effect of some insecticides and oils on citrus leaf miner, Phyllocnistis citrella Stainton and evaluation of some common citrus cultivars in Mazandaran province. M. Sc. thesis, Faculty of Agriculture, Islamic Azad University, Garmsar Branch (Seen in abstract only, in Farsi)
Seraj, A. A. (2013). Principles of plant pests control. (2nd Ed.). Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz publications. 714pp. (in Farsi)  
Stansly, P. A., Albrigo, L. C. & Rouse, R. E. (1996). Impact of citrus leafminer on growth and yield of orange and grapefruit, pp. 47-48. In M. Hoy (ed.). Managing the Citrus LpafmineL Proceedings of the International Conference. 23-25 April 1996, Orlando. University of Florida. Gainesville.
Smith, C. M. (2005). Plant resistance to arthropods: Molecular and conventional approaches. Springer Science and Business media, Dordrecht, the Netherlands. 426 pp.
Stainton, H. T. (1856). Description of three species of Indian Micro- Lepidoptera. Transactions of the Entomological Society of London (n.s.), 3, 301- 304.
Ujiye, T. (1992). Studies on the utilization of a sex attractant of the citrus leaf miner moth, Phyllocnistis citrella Stainton (Lepidoptera: Gracillariidae), 2: Feeding of moths trapped on a sticky board by a snail,Acusta despecta siebolidiana (Pfeiffer) and ants. Bulletin of the Fruit Tree Research Station Japan, 22 (3), 91-97.
Xiao, Y., Qureshi, J. A. & Stansly, P. A. (2007). Contribution of predation and parasitism to mortality of citrus leafminer Phyllocnistis citrella Stainton (Lepidoptera: Gracillariidae) populations in Florida. Biological Control, 40, 396-404.