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اثر چهار اسانس برگ اکالیپتوس، گل اکالیپتوس، برگ رزماری و برگ نعنا بر تفریخ تخم و طول دوره لاروی سوسک چهار نقطه‌ای حبوبات

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسنده

عضو هیات علمی دانشگاه سیستان و بلوچستان

چکیده

در این مطالعه سمیت تنفسی چهار اسانس برگ اکالیپتوس، گل اکالیپتوس، برگ رزماری و برگ نعنا بر تخم-های با کمتر از 24 ساعت عمر سوسک چهار نقطه‌ای حبوبات (Callosobruchus maculatus) و تاثیر آن بر درصد تفریخ تخم و طول دوره لاروی ارزیابی شد. نتایج بیانگر سمیت تنفسی این اسانس‌ها بر تخم C. maculatus بود؛ به طوری‌که در همه اسانس‌های آزمایش شده، با افزایش دوز، مرگ و میر جنین نیز افزایش پیدا کرده و درصد تفریخ تخم کاهش پیدا کرد. اسانس نعنا نسبت به بقیه سمیت بیشتری برای تخم داشت و فقط 3/3 درصد از تخم‌ها تفریخ پیدا کردند. همچنین اسانس نعنا باعث افزایش طول دوره لاروی از 6/23 روز در شاهد به 27 روز شد؛ اما اسانس‌های گل اکالیپتوس، برگ اکالیپتوس و رزماری تغییر معنی‌داری در طول دوره لاروی سوسک چهار نقطه‌ای حبوبات ایجاد نکردند و جنین‌های زنده مانده توانستند در زمان مساوی با شاهد (از لحاظ آماری) دوران لاروی را کامل کنند. استفاده از اسانس‌های گیاهان به ویژه اسانس نعنا برای کنترل سوسک چهار نقطه‌ای حبوبات در مرحله تخم بسیار کارآمد بوده و می‌تواند جایگزین مناسبی برای سموم تدخینی رایج در انبارها شود.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Effect of four essential oils, including eucalyptus leaf, eucalyptus flower, rosemary leaf, and mint leaf on hatching and larval duration of the cowpea weevil

نویسنده [English]

  • Azam Amiri
چکیده [English]

In this study, the fumigant toxicity of four essential oils, including eucalyptus leaf, eucalyptus flower, rosemary leaf, and mint leaf, was determined on the eggs (with less than 24 h) and the life span of the cowpea weevil (Callosobruchus maculatus). The results showed fumigant toxicity of these essential oils on the eggs in a dose-dependent manner showing the higher embryo mortality and the lesser hatching rate. Mint essential oil had the highest toxicity against the eggs with the 3.3% of eggs hatchability. Mint essential oil also increased the larval duration from 23.6 days in control to 27 days; however, the essential oils of eucalyptus leaf, eucalyptus flower, and rosemary showed no significant change in the larval duration as the survived embryos could complete larval stages in the equal time (statistically) with control. The use of herbal essential oils, especially mint essential oil, is very effective in controlling the cowpea weevil at the egg stage, and those may be a good substitute for common pesticides in warehouses.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Eucalyptus
  • Rosemary
  • Mint
  • Callosobruchus maculatus
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