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نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی سابق کارشناسی ارشد گروه گیاهپزشکی، دانشکده کشاورزی، دانشگاه زنجان، زنجان، ایران.

2 دانشیار گروه گیاهپزشکی، دانشکده کشاورزی، دانشگاه زنجان،زنجان، ایران.

3 سازمان جهاد و کشاورزی آمل، مازندران

10.22059/ijpps.2022.330983.1006981

چکیده

به منظور مقایسه برخی مواد جلب‌کننده و اثر حشره‌کش‌ها در شکار انبوه مگس میوه مدیترانه‌ای، Ceratitis capitate (Wiedeman) آزمایشی در شهرستان آمل به صورت طرح بلوک‌های کامل تصادفی با پنج تکرار و پنج تیمار شامل پروتئین هیدرولیزات ایرانی و خارجی، سراتراپ، دیپ‌تک و مدلور انجام شد. در آزمایش دیگری برهمکنش اثر سموم در چهار سطح شامل دیپترکس، پالیزین، مالاتیون و بدون سم (شاهد) با دو طعمه جلب‌کننده در دو سطح شامل پروتئین هیدرولیزات ایرانی و سراتراپ در باغ مرکبات اجرا شد. نتایج نشان می‌دهد که سراتراپ و پروتئین ایرانی، بیش‌ترین تعداد شکار روزانه مگس‌های مدیترانه‌ای ماده (6/0 و 014/0 فرد) و نر (65/2 و 55/2 فرد) را به صورت روزانه در تله‌های مک فیل داشته‌اند. همچنین حشره‌کش دیپترکس به همراه ماده جلب‌کننده پروتئین ایرانی (006/0 94/0) و حشره‌کش دیپترکس به همراه ماده جلب‌کننده سراتراپ (91/0) بیش‌ترین میزان اثرگذری در جلب و مرگ مگس Ceratitis capitate را داشته است. ترکیب سراتراپ یا پروتئین ایرانی با حشره‌کش دیپترکس، به-عنوان طعمه، بهترین نتیجه را در شکار انبوه مگس میوه مدیترانه‌ای داشتند.

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

Comparative of some attractants and insecticides in mass trapping of Mediterranean fruit flies, Ceratitis capitate (Wiedemann) (Dip .: Tephritidae) using McPhail trap

نویسندگان [English]

  • robabeh soleymani 1
  • Hamid Sarraf Moayeri 2
  • nematollah sedaghat 3

1 Former M.Sc. Student, Department of Plant Protection, University of Zanjan, Zanjan, Iran

2 2- Associated Professor, Department of Plant Protection, University of Zanjan, Zanjan, Iran.

3 Agricultural Jihad Organization of Amol, Mazandaran.

چکیده [English]

In order to compare some attractants and insecticides in mass trapping of Mediterranean fruit flies, Ceratitis capitate (Wiedemann) an experiment was conducted in Amol city in a randomized complete block design with five replications and five treatment including Iranian and foreign hydrolyzate proteins, Ceratrap, Deptak and Medlur. In another experiment the effect of some insecticide in four level including Dipterex, Palizin, Malathion and without any insecticide (control) and its interaction with two level of attractants including Iranian hydrolyzate protein and Ceratrap was carried out in citrus orchards. The results show that the Ceratrap and Iranian hydrolyzate protein had the highest daily catch of female (2.65 and 2.55) and male (2.55and 2.65) of Mediterranean fruit fly in McPhail traps. Also, statistical comparison of second experiments revealed that Dipterex with the Iranian protein hydrolyzate (0.94  0.006) and Dipterex in combination with Ceratrap (0.91) were significantly effective treatment to attract and kill Ceratitis capitate flies. Base in this results the blend of Ceratrap or Iranian hydrolyzate protein and Dipterex suggest as a appreciate bait for mass trapping of the Mediterranean fruit flies.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • citrus
  • Mazandaran
  • Bait trap
  • Mass trapping
  • Mediterranean fruit fly
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